Child sexual abuse and exploitation can cause lifelong physical and emotional trauma to survivors, their families and to the many other people impacted by it. Abuse can happen within families, can be inflicted by acquaintances or people in positions of trust. It can occur around a care home or in other places where there are vulnerable children and young people. Lone offenders and criminal gangs may exploit and groom children and young people. Online abuse and county lines present policing with new challenges as exploitation crosses forces and the importance of strong and shared intelligence becomes more critical than ever.